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Understanding Mountain Bike Trail Grades
If you are not sure what the different mountain biking trail grades mean, then check this list below so you can decide if you are physically and mentally fit enough to ride that trail.
Off-road trail surfaces are either firm gravel or sealed (e.g. concrete or asphalt) and is wide enough for 2 people to cycle side by side for most of the way. On-road trails generally follow quiet roads with little traffic.
Novice cyclists, families and others seeking a very easy cycling experience. Any bike is suitable for riding grade 1 cycle trails, including touring bikes, single speed bikes and children’s bikes.
Off-road trails are predictable (i.e. no surprises) and mostly flat with some gentle climbs. The surface is either firm gravel or sealed (e.g. concrete or asphalt). The trail is wide enough for 2 people to cycle side by side at times and may include sections where cyclists will have to ride single file. On-road trails generally follow quiet roads with little traffic.
Beginners, occasional cyclists and families who have limited cycling experience. A multi-geared bike with medium to wide tyres is recommended, such as a comfort bike, touring bike or mountain bike.
Off-road trails can be narrow and may include hill climbs, steep drop-offs and small river crossings. The trail surface is mostly firm, but may include muddy or loose sections. There may also be obstacles such as rocks or tree roots to avoid. On-road trails have moderate traffic levels (up to 1000 vehicles per day), include hill climbs and possible gravel sections.
Regular, experienced cyclists with a good level of fitness and over 12 years of age. Children should be accompanied by an adult. A mountain bike is recommended for off road trails. On-road trails that include sections of gravel will require knobbly tyres. Road racing tyres are not recommended.
Off-road trails are narrow with steep climbs and unavoidable obstacles. The trail surface includes firm and loose sections, with lots of rocks and tree roots. There will be poor traction in places and some walking may be required. On-road trails have moderate vehicular traffic (2000+ vehicles per day), include hill climbs and possible gravel sections.
Fit and experienced cyclists with good on-road and/or off-road skills, a high level of fitness and over 12 years of age. Children should be accompanied by an adult. A quality mountain bike is recommended for off-road trails. On-road trails that include sections of gravel will require knobbly tyres. Road racing tyres are not recommended.
These trails are technically challenging. Off-road trails include steep long climbs, precipitous descents, lots of rocks and dangerous drop-offs. The surface will be hugely varied and cyclists should expect rocks, roots and ruts. There are likely to be river crossings, some of which may be dangerous after heavy rain. The trail will be barely wide enough to ride in some places and some walking is likely. On-road trails have high traffic volumes (3000+ vehicles per day) with a limited shoulder for riding, hill climbs and possible gravel sections.
For highly experienced cyclists with an excellent on-road and/or off-road skills and a high level of fitness. Grade 5 trails are for those who relish technical challenges and are comfortable riding in traffic. These trails can be both physically and mentally demanding and are not suitable for children under 12 years of age. A quality mountain bike is essential for off-road trails. Full suspension is recommended. On-road trails that include sections of gravel will require knobbly tyres (road racing tyres are not recommended).
Safety & Preparation
Before you head out on your bike ride, go through this list of things you should check and prepare. It's better to be safe than sorry!